Proletarian Hundreds


A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Zeigner, Erich — (1886 1949)    politician; Prime Minister of Saxony* dur ing that state s confrontation with Berlin.* Born into middle class circumstances in Erfurt, he studied law and political science and earned a doctorate before embarking upon a career in… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Communist Party of Germany — (Kommunistische Partei Deutsch lands, KPD)    The KPD emerged from a radical opposition within the SPD. Arguing that Marx s vision could be achieved only via revolution (orthodoxy), the radicals (known since 1915 as the Gruppe Internationale)… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Saxony —    Located in east central Germany, the highly industrialized and ur banized state of Saxony had a total population in the 1920s of about five million. Aside from its capital, Dresden, its chief cities included Aue, Chemnitz, Görlitz, Meissen,… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Roter Frontkämpferbund — (RFB)    Founded in Halle during the summer of 1924, the RFB (Red Front) was the KPD s answer to Weimar s epidemic of uniforms (see Freikorps). Created in response to the growth of the Republic s newly formed Reichsbanner,* it was a sophisticated …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Severing, Carl — (1875 1952)    politician; Prussian Interior Minister during most of the Republic. Born to a working class home in Herford, he apprenticed as a locksmith before joining the SPD and the metalworkers union in 1893. Settling in Bielefeld, he became… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Thuringia —    Known as Germany s green heart, Thuringiain the Weimar years bordered on Hesse in the west, Bavaria* in the south, Saxony* in the east, and Prussian Saxony (now Saxony Anhalt) in the north. Aside from its capital of Weimar, its chief cities… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • United Front — (Einheitsfront)    a tactical maneuver designed by the KPD to entice labor support by feigning cooperation with the trade unions* and/or the SPD. The term was coined by Ernst Toller* and pertained initially to the policy advanced in 1918 1919 by… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • RUSSIA — RUSSIA, former empire in Eastern Europe; from 1918 the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (R.S.F.S.R.), from 1923 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.); from 1990 the Russian Federation. Until 1772 ORIGINS The penetration… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

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